Guernia

Guernia

Guernia (Huernia) is a flowering succulent plant that belongs to the Lastovnev family and is found naturally in rocky areas with arid climates in the Arabian Peninsula and in African countries.

The plant consists of thick, juicy, multifaceted (from 4 to 10 faces, depending on the variety) stems with a smooth glossy surface and tapered teeth on the edges. The plant blooms with single flowers in the form of a starfish, a deep bowl, a bell or few-flowered inflorescences. The flowering period can last 2-3 weeks or 2-3 months and usually occurs in the summer months or September. One of the hallmarks of guernia is the strong, unpleasant smell of its flowers.

Among the numerous species and varieties, the most common guernia are "Kenyan", "Hairy", "Hanging", "Large-fruited", "Striped" and "Prickly".

Guernia care at home

Guernia can be attributed to unpretentious plants, which even a beginner florist can take care of. The requirements of an indoor flower are the most common and, if they are observed, the full development of an exotic plant will not take much time and effort.

Location and lighting

When growing guernias on a windowsill, it is recommended to choose an east or west side with direct morning and afternoon sunlight. The plant loves bright sunlight, but at noon it can damage the flower, so it needs to be shaded slightly. In case of insufficient lighting, the shoots of the plant will stretch and lose their decorative effect. In this regard, it is necessary to use phytolamps during the period of short daylight hours and to maintain with their help the natural light, which is usual for a flower in terms of duration.

Florists should consider one feature of the Guernia. She doesn't like changing her habitual location. The angle of illumination must be constant. Any rotation or transfer of a flower pot with a flower can affect its appearance. Changing the level of light contributes to the fall of flowers and unopened buds.

Temperature

During warmer months (May to late September), guernia can be placed on the balcony or in the garden. The favorable temperature during this period is from 23 to 27 degrees Celsius. In winter, the plant is recommended to be kept in cool conditions with a temperature of 5 to 10 degrees Celsius.

Watering

Watering the guernia flower in the spring and summer months is necessary in moderation and only after the soil dries out about half the height of the pot. Excessive soil moisture is very dangerous for guernia, which leads to waterlogging and acidification of the soil. The consequences of such watering are root or stem rot, and in the future, the death of the entire plant in a very short time. In the winter period of dormancy, the plant does not need watering.

Air humidity

Dry indoor air is common for indoor plants. It does not require any additional moisture in the form of spraying or other water procedures.

The soil

Guernia requirements for the composition and condition of the soil are looseness, moisture permeability, air permeability, slightly alkaline environment with a pH level of about 8.5. You can purchase a special soil mixture designed for succulents, but with the additional addition of a small amount of fine gravel. When preparing the mixture yourself, it is imperative to mix all the recommended components in the same proportions: coarse river sand, leafy earth, fine gravel and clay-sod land.

Given that the root system of the guernia grows strongly, it is important to pour a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot when planting.

Top dressing and fertilizers

It is necessary to apply fertilizers regularly once a month, except for the dormant period of the plant. It is recommended to use special feeding for cacti or succulents.

Transfer

Experienced flower growers advise replanting the guernia flower every spring in a new container with a pot diameter 1-2 cm larger than the previous one. When transplanting, you can get rid of the old, which has lost its attractiveness, stem and plant new cuttings.

Reproduction of guernia

Cutting is the most common breeding method for Guernia. Stem cuttings on the mother plant must be carefully removed, left to dry for forty-eight hours, and then planted. A layer of expanded clay or small pebbles is placed at the bottom of the flower pot, then a substrate for succulents and young plants are planted. With proper care and suitable conditions, it will be possible to admire the blooming guernia already in the first year of life.

Seed propagation is more troublesome and time-consuming and is not used as often as the previous one. Sowing seeds is done in early spring (around early March). The planting box must be filled with a soil mixture of peat and sand in equal proportions and sowed. After slightly moistening the soil surface, the container is covered with plastic wrap or glass and left in a warm, bright room until seedlings appear. Greenhouse conditions are needed until the young plants are fully grown, after which they are transplanted from separate pots.

Diseases and pests

The main pest of guernia is the mealybug. You can get rid of it with the help of "Aktara" or "Intavir".

The main diseases are root and stem rot. It is impossible to cure a diseased houseplant. Preventive measures are periodic drying of the soil in a flower container and full compliance with watering rules. Do not allow overflow of irrigation water.

Blooming Guernia. Huernia aspera


Cactus

Plant Cactus Indian line mix 14 cm assorted

Plant Haworthia Mix 10 cm

Plant Cactus Mamillaria 40 cm assorted

Plant Cactus mix 12 mm

Plant Cactus D5.5 in assortment

Plant Cactus Gymnocalycium 10 cm assorted

Plant Cactus Mamillaria D5 cm in assortment

Plant Cactus flowering mix 25-60 mm

Plant Cactus Echinocactus Gruzoni 25 cm

Plant Cactus Gymnocalycium 5.5 in assortment

Cactus plant 15 cm assorted

Cactus with an arch in the range of 5 cm

Cactus D5,5 H8 in assortment

Assorted cactus 5 cm

Plant Cactus Echinocactus 10.5 cm assorted

Plant Echinocactus Gruzona 20 cm green

Plant Cactus Indian mix 14 cm assorted

Cactus plant 20 cm in stock

Echinocactus plant 6 cm

Echinocactus Hudsoni plant 12 cm in stock

Echinocactus plant 16 cm

Plant Cactus Echinocactus 6.5 cm assorted

Ferrocactus plant in assortment

Plant Echinocactus Gruzoni 20 cm

Plant Cactus Ferro 35 cm

Plant Cactus Gymnocalycium 10.5 cm assorted

Plant Marginatoceres 35cm

Plant Ripsalis Mesembrian temoides 17 cm

Plant Cactus Astrophytum in stock

Plant Cactus Echinocactus 8.5 cm assorted

Plant Opuntia cactus 12 cm

Ferocactus plant 10 cm in assortment

Plant Cactus 790258 7 COLORS mix Display D3,5

Plant Cactus Redstone H15 D6

Ferocactus plant in assortment

Plant Cactus mix 40 cm assorted

Cactus plant 80 cm assorted

Plant Cactus Acapulco 10 cm assorted

Plant Cactus Astrophytum mix 30 cm

Plant Cactus mix 15 mm

Plant Cactus 7 COLORS mix Image D6,5

Plant Cactus 7 COLORS mix Mono D5,5

Plant Cactus 7 COLORS mix Mono D6,5

Plant Cactus 790319 7 COLORS mix Display D3,5

Plant Cactus 7 COLORS mix D6,5

Plant Cactus mix H15 D17


Information

10 indoor plants to keep in your home

Indoor flowers add colors to our life, create mood and home comfort. They can be of immense benefit to their owners. Therefore, you need to choose them correctly, Show in full. since certain species not only enliven the room, but also improve well-being, warm in cold weather and simply delight the eye.

Useful properties of home plants
Here are the main ones:

In poorly ventilated rooms, carbon dioxide builds up. Flowers absorb it and oxygenate the air.
Medicinal plant species treat cuts, burns, colds and other ailments.
In winter, the air in the room becomes dry due to the heating system, which affects the condition of the skin and well-being. Flowers help humidify the air.
Plants absorb electromagnetic radiation from household appliances and home appliances. It can affect a person's well-being, causing insomnia and headaches.
We are surrounded by objects that can emit toxic substances. The city air contains a lot of dust, exhaust gases, heavy metals from the emissions of factories and enterprises. Plants purify the air, kill microbes with their phytoncides and absorb harmful impurities.
Folk beliefs endow indoor flowers with the properties of bringing happiness, harmony, tranquility, etc. We have included in our review some plants that, according to signs, are useful for their owners.

Indoor plants: we choose for ourselves and loved ones

1.Aloe
This is a well-known home doctor. It will help with colds, inflammations, can stop bleeding and heal wounds. Its juice is used to treat throat, heartburn, gastritis, gum disease and other diseases. It is often used for cosmetic purposes.

2. Chlorophytum
It is also very useful to keep it in the house. It is a bushy plant with thin and bending leaves that have light stripes. It will help get rid of moldy fungi and pathogenic bacteria, cleanse the air of harmful substances present in it. Chlorophytum will bring peace and comfort to your home.

3. Peppermint
Great for growing in a pot on a windowsill. It improves appetite and stimulates the digestive process. Its leaves are good to use as a seasoning for various dishes and to brew tea with them.

4. Violet
Many a favorite plant will perfectly fit into the interior of the kitchen and will not take up much space. Violet will cleanse and humidify the air from carbon monoxide. This flower is a symbol of peace and tranquility in family relationships. White flowers are believed to help relieve sadness, fatigue, and depression. Blue violets are suitable for creative people. They provide peace of mind, stimulate spiritual growth, and build character. Flowers of red and pink color cheer up and are able to protect their owner from diseases.

5. Ficus
It copes well with the task of collecting dust that settles on its leathery leaves. They are very easy to wash or wipe with a damp cloth. Ficus will saturate the room with oxygen, purify the air from unpleasant odors. It improves family relationships, soothes and relieves anxious thoughts.

5. Lianas
A beautiful vine, for example, scindapsus, looks good in a hanging planter. It has green, heart-shaped leaves with yellowish specks. It is unpretentious and perfectly cleans the air. Scindapsus converts lazy energy into activity. It can be placed in the kitchen.

6. Wax ivy
It is a curly flower with hard oval leaves. Has white, pink or red umbrella inflorescences. The plant neutralizes negative energy in the house, protects the owner from trouble and cleans the air from microbes.

7. Geranium
Lush curly geranium has many medicinal properties. It scares away moths and evil spirits, relieves irritability, normalizes sleep and fights disease-causing bacteria. Her mere presence in the house attracts good luck and the fulfillment of desires. The scent of these flowers relaxes and relieves headaches. If the plant withers, then it is believed that one of the household members may get sick.

8 fat woman
This plant can be squat or tall, with a thick trunk. It is often called the money tree. The fat woman has small dark green leaves that are located on the branches in a symmetrical manner. They look like small coins. Therefore, it is believed that the fat woman is able to attract material goods into the house.

9. Sansevieria (mother-in-law's language)
Quite tall plant with massive, elongated leaves. They are solid and dark green in color. They also have light stripes in the middle or white spots. The flower improves family relationships and brings harmony. Its leaves are antiseptic, which is why they are widely used in folk medicine. Sansevieria juice is used to heal wounds, and the plant is also capable of stopping blood.

10. Oxalis
This bushy plant is purple in color. Its leaves resemble a flock of butterflies. During flowering, small white umbrella flowers appear on it. The branches of the flower can intertwine with each other. Oxalis leaves can be used in cooking, for example, added to salads. They taste like sorrel. The plant improves intuition, sharpens the senses. It can be held by those who wish to meet a soul mate and attract attention to themselves.


Growing kohlrabi cabbage

Kohlrabi is grown and planted in various ways, one of them is the seedling method. In most cases, it is more convenient to use it than the seedless one, you just need to know all the nuances of this method.

Kohlrabi seeds are sown in a greenhouse or at home in boxes 35 days before transplanting into open ground. To grow crops early, seeds for seedlings are sown in the middle of the second decade of March. In this case, you can get ripe vegetables in early or mid-June.

If you sow seeds in early May, then at the end of July it will be possible to harvest a full-fledged kohlrabi crop. Late vegetables, which ripen in early October, will be received by gardeners if they sow seeds for seedlings at the end of June. Before planting kohlrabi cabbage seeds, they will need preliminary preparation so that most of them will give good, healthy shoots.


Photos and names, catalog, types, varieties, leafy, flowering varieties, indoor (indoor plants), garden

Succulents are very different in shape and have no common origin. Most of their species have rosettes due to the fact that in this way their leaves are densely located, and they retain moisture, as they grow in the wild in arid regions. They are very easy to care for, they can easily withstand improper care.

Botanical features

Succulents are plants that are well adapted to a lack of moisture and exposure to direct sunlight. The term denotes a set of external signs and properties of a plant, which was acquired under the influence of similar growing conditions. There are stem and leaf succulents.

Regardless of the species, succulents easily adapt to extremely low rainfall, uneven moisture distribution, bright sunlight and high levels of solar radiation, as well as dry air, almost complete absence of shading, fluctuations in day and night temperature indicators, and clay or stony soils.

There are about ten thousand succulents, which belong to different families and grow in different regions, but a significant part of them are represented by the following families:

  • family of cactaceae (Cactaceae)
  • family gusseted (Asclepiadaceae)
  • family asphodelic (Asphodelaceae)
  • family Crassulaceae
  • euphorbia family (Euphorbiaceae)
  • family mesembryanthemaceae (Mesembryanthemaceae)

It should be noted that all succulents belonging to the stem category are able to retain water in a thickened, often ribbed stem part. Foliage is fine or reduced to thorns. Notable representatives are cacti and a significant part of the milkweed species. Leafy succulents are characterized by moisture conservation by thick and fleshy foliage. This category includes primarily aloe, lithops, haworthia and echeveria.

Watering succulents

Succulents accumulate water in the stems or leaves, so it is good withstand drought. Also, many types of succulents have leaves that are pubescent or covered with wax, this prevents moisture from evaporating.

From spring to autumn, succulents are thoroughly watered when the ground becomes dry. You cannot spray them. In winter, they are watered much less frequently. Certain types of cacti in winter are desirable t = 6-8 ° C and the cessation of watering for 2-3 months. Other succulents, which stand at t = 12-14 ° C, need watering once a month.

But Haworthia and gastria kept in winter at 20-22 ° C, provide them with sufficient lighting and watered once every 1-2 weeks.

Photo gallery

Images

This is also a matter of purely imagination, so below are a few photos for inspiration.

Landscapes with mountains and rocks

Below we will talk more about landscapes, only more complex ones. Reconstruction of the mountains, rocks, islands, lost in the white foam of the sea waves, is relatively easy to achieve. Use decorative stone chips, marbles, stones, driftwood, cobblestones, their imitation of plaster.

Stream or waterfall

The technique is quite popular - plants or stones imitate spilling water. This technique is often used in open ground flower beds, using ground cover flowers (pansies, ageratum, soapwort, aubrieta, arabis). Succulents will do the same job successfully. Blue-gray echeveria is ideal.

However, nothing prevents the spilled "waves" from being of a different shade:

Succulents can be a great addition to a stone stream:

Animals

Popular leafy species and varieties

Non-flowering succulents have a highly decorative appearance, which is successfully complemented by relative unpretentiousness and endurance.

Species / variety nameDescription of cultureFeatures of cultivation
Queen Victoria AgaveNon-flowering perennial with basal, rigidly concave, triangular in shape, with a matte surface, dark green leaves with a whitish border and one long thorn, growing in circlesThe plant is very difficult to tolerate exposure to direct sunlight, as well as temperatures above 21-22 ° C
Adromiscus spottedA thick-leaved perennial houseplant with a root location, greenish-spotted, thick and fleecy leaves, the edges of which have a purple tintGrowing in the absence of direct sunlight and temperature conditions not higher than 21 ° C
Aloe squatHerbaceous-leafy perennial culture, represented by basal, thin but firm, xiphoid, light green color, with pointed leaves covered with small and rough thornsA medicinal indoor plant that does not need too competent and special, constant care
Fat womanA tree-like plant with a dense stem and small, oval, succulent, dark green leaves, symmetrically located along the branchesThe plant in indoor conditions requires constant, regular, but fairly moderate irrigation measures
HaworthiaHerbaceous type dwarf houseplant with fleshy basal, xiphoid, short, dark green leaves with a white stripeNeeds a shaded area and ample, timely irrigation measures

Glass, ceramics, clay, plastic: choosing a container for the composition

Florarium is a fashionable phytodesign trend. But in the opinion of professionals, it is least suitable for a composition of succulents.

  • Air movement inside the glass container is impeded. Poor circulation is the main enemy of succulents. In addition, the creation of an optimal level of moisture in the glass is simply impossible due to the lack of drainage holes. And in this case, not everything is good with the supply of light. The sun's rays passed through thick glass can greatly increase the temperature of a wet substrate. And overheating of the root system will lead to the fact that the roots will simply weld.

  • All of the above applies equally to glass vases. The presence of a wide hole does not give any guarantees for the long-term life of succulents. But if the choice fell on glass, control the soil moisture in the most careful way!
  • Plastic pots. Quite acceptable material. Moreover, the modern assortment of products of all shapes, colors and sizes allows you to bring any creative idea to life. The only note: pay attention to the drainage holes in the vase - they must be large enough.

  • Ceramics and clay are ideal materials. Beautiful mini-gardens, mini-bouquets of succulent flowers in such decorative containers are the easiest to keep. Hygroscopic clay and ceramics help maintain optimal moisture and temperature values ​​within the substrate.

Common flowering succulents

Of course, flowering indoor ornamental plants belonging to the category of succulents do not differ in lush and too attractive flowering. However, such crops are very popular with domestic amateur flower growers.

Species / variety nameDescription of cultureFlowersFeatures of cultivation
American agaveLeafy perennial, the aerial part of which is represented by basal, green-variegated or monochromatic green, thick, with a narrowing in the upper part, hard, linear-lanceolate leaves, arranged in a circle and with small thorns at the edgesNondescript appearance, greenish-yellow flowers with a high pedicelGrowing in a special deciduous-sod-sandy soil at a temperature of at least 8 ° C
AdeniumPerennial tree-like plant with a dense stem part, with strong branching and lanceolate, serrate, dissected, light green leavesAbundant flowering, raspberry-red-burgundy flowers with a pale pharynx, simple and double typeThe plant needs spraying, relatively frequent watering and a temperature regime of at least 12 ° C
Aloe variegatedHerbaceous-leafy perennial with basal, green-variegated, wavy pattern, thick, tapering upwards, hard, linear-lanceolate leaves, forming a leaf rosette and growing in a circleFlowering is quite rare, represented by orange flowers collected in cluster inflorescencesAn unpretentious type of succulent that requires minimal maintenance
AnacampserosA bushy, weaving houseplant, represented by dense dark purple shoots and small, dense, watery, symmetrically arranged leavesFlowers of medium size, pinkish in color, located on long and juicy pedicelsNeeds constant watering, unlimited space and lots of lighting
ArgyrodermaMassive rosette consisting of a pair of very fleshy, matte grayish-green leavesRegularly shaped, bright pink in color, with small and thin petalsThe plant needs ample watering and high-quality lighting.
BrigamiaPlant with a dense, low-growing stem, small branches with single, oval-elongated leavesThe flowers are yellow, small in size, located on separate, rather long pedicelsThe plant needs ample watering and high-quality lighting.
GraptopetalumA stemless herb with small, dense, watery type, heart-shaped leaves collected in a rose-shaped rosetteLarge, pink, lily-shaped flowers, located on high pedunclesIt involves growing in a drainage type substrate of fine stones

Preparing for landing

Making a mini-garden in a pot with your own hands requires preparation. For this you need:

  • choose a place
  • think over the composition
  • pick up a pot or other container
  • choose plants
  • prepare soil and drainage
  • pick up decor.

Seat selection

Estimate the distance from which the garden will open in all its glory. The greater the distance, the larger the composition should be.

Cacti and succulents love the sun... You need direct sunlight for two hours a day, no less. With a lack of light, the stems of plants are bent.

If the garden is planned to be placed not on the windowsill, then it is necessary to be guided by the rule: the less light, the lower the temperature and the drier the soil should be.

Gallery: mini-garden of cacti and succulents (25 photos)

Composition

The type of garden depends on the location. If the sides look the same, create circular composition in the form of a small slide... If the gaze falls from above, then a flat "lawn" structure will do.

The composition of low succulents of different shapes and colors looks beautiful.

Suitable for a garden on a windowsill asymmetric version with plants of different heights.

The style of the composition can be different. It is interesting to create a mini-park, lay sandy paths, put benches and toys. You can depict a desert landscape using yellow sand and cacti, or you can create a fabulous winter forest from succulent trees and snow-white decorative sand.

Selection of capacity for planting

When choosing a pot, the size of the roots must be taken into account. Cacti and succulents grow well in small bowls and on dishes.

Gardens look harmonious, where the height of the pot is a third of the height of the composition. However, even in a high ceramic pot, a unique landscape is created if a large piece is beaten off from one side, and ledges of a mountain cascade are made from its shards.

Cascading composition build by placing one in the other pots of different diameters.

Mini-gardens look great in transparent round vessels, earthenware and porcelain dishes. Use containers made of plastic, wood and wicker baskets. The main thing is to provide for the presence of holes or a thick drainage layer, since the roots of succulents and cacti do not tolerate waterlogging of the soil.

The outer walls of the pots can be additionally decorated, but the color of the decor should have neutral shades. This will accentuate the vibrancy of the flowers in the garden itself.

Plant selection

Suitable for a mini-garden slow growing varieties. Cacti with flowers and succulents with small leaves are considered ideal.

The rocky garden will look like cacti, stone roses, haworthia and sedum.

Among the stones on miniature alpine slides, dense pachyphytum, ovoid pachyphytum and gasteria feel great.

If a garden of succulents is decorated in a park style, then the central element is a money tree or tree aeonium. An excellent accent in the composition of undersized succulents will be bracts pachyphytum.

A mixed garden of cacti and succulens is not recommended to be planted. For flowering, cacti need a cool and dry wintering. With frequent winter watering, the tops of cacti stretch out, and flowers become a rarity. In succulents, prolonged dryness can cause leaf fall. Instead of cacti, strapelia are added to the succulent composition, which are very similar to cacti and bloom with large flowers in the shape of stars.

Any cacti for a garden in a pot will do. Cacti of different sizes and shapes with flowers of the same shade look great. Ideally, each specimen is best left in an individual plastic pot with drainage holes. This will prevent root entanglement. It will always be possible to easily remove a diseased plant and replace it with a new one. They choose those cacti that grow slowly, give few children and bloom beautifully. Echinofossulocactus, astrophytums and hymnocalycium are suitable for planting. Mammillaria and chamecerius Selvestra look good.

Soil and drainage

To create a composition in a pot, you need to purchase a special soil or compose it yourself. A substrate of equal parts of leaf humus and sand with small additions of charcoal and expanded clay is well suited.
Expanded clay is more often used as drainage, but when planting in a transparent glass vessel, decorative pebbles and coarse sand are used. In such a drainage, recesses are made for the soil so that it is not visible through the transparent walls of the pots.

Decor

Cacti and succulents go well with natural materials. Suitable for any composition:

  • pebbles
  • seashells
  • pebbles
  • dry twigs
  • bumps.

The composition will be decorated with colored sand powder and decorative glass elements.

For a garden in a landscape style, you will need small ceramic tiles, miniature doll furniture, toys and artificial flowers.

What succulents to grow at home

Indoor succulents are characterized by excellent decorative properties, which allows you to decorate almost any interior. Quite often, it is succulents that are grown in rooms with insufficient lighting performance. It is also important to note that succulents are able to actively develop in conditions of low temperature levels, but the most comfortable is a room with high humidity.

Experienced flower growers grow such ornamental plants in close proximity to an aquarium or indoor fountain. Succulents are easy enough to care for and even the lack of proper care is not capable of negatively affecting their appearance. However, it should be remembered that the indoor culture prefers drained substrates, high-quality sunlight, and timely watering throughout the growing season.

Decorative use of succulents

Since succulents are very unpretentious, they can be used to decorate any interior, including the one that is very poorly lit. Succulents can grow at low temperatures, but they love moisture, because of this they can be placed next to fountains and aquariums.

They grow on mountain slopes, because of this they can be planted in alpine hills, rockeries.

The succulent group includes individual representatives 40 families, therefore, they make compositions in greenhouses, gardens, houses on windowsills. They look great framing pools and ponds.

How to plant succulents (video)

Ball and other volumetric suspended figures

This is a more difficult task. Ready-made succulent balls cost about 50 Euros on Etsy.

A ball is made of wire with a diameter of ..., wrapped with the same mesh, but not completely, a little space should be left so that you can work with the inner surface of the ball. to cover the surface with a very thick layer of moss and coconut fiber, then a soil suitable for succulents is poured, possibly looser, a foam ball of a small diameter can be inserted into the center to prevent dampness and not make the composition too heavy. Close the grid. You can start planting plants.

Trees are created according to the same principle.

The best garden species and varieties

The succulent category includes grasses and trees, as well as shrubs, vines, and epiphytes. Such a garden plant does not need frequent watering and is absolutely not demanding to care for. Many succulents intended for outdoor cultivation are characterized by their original shape and beautifully colored foliage. Flowering varieties are especially decorative, which makes them popular in landscape design and among domestic amateur flower growers.

When creating garden compositions, succulent plants from the Tolstyanka family are often used, represented by crassula, aichrizon or "tree of love", stonecrop, Kalanchoe, echeveria or "stone rose", eonum or "everlasting plant". Many well-known landscape designers recommend using different types of rejuvenation and sedum for garden decoration., which differ not only in shape, but also in the coloring of the aboveground part. Varieties of milkweed are very often used as ground cover ornamental garden plants. An interesting multi-tiered decorative composition can be created from creeping sedum, which are also considered ideal for roof landscaping.

Cultivation of prickly pears allows you to diversify the backyard landscape, and also form a quite decent harvest of delicious and very vitamin fruits by the autumn period. Florists, flower beds and alpine slides can be harmoniously complemented by perennial lichen, which blooms with pink, white, red, solid and striped flowers.

The easiest way to disembark when creating a composition

The first thing that beginners should pay attention to is the method of disembarkation. The simplest and most reliable option at home can be considered the creation of a living composition based on seedlings, planted by species in separate containers-cups.

The advantages of this technology are obvious:

  1. The succulent plant is planted in a flower pot together with the "native" soil - there is no need to select a mixture that is equally suitable for all components of the future composition.
  2. When transplanting, the plant is not subjected to stress, which invariably accompanies any flower when changing soil.
  3. By rearranging the cups, you can easily find a suitable arrangement.
  4. It is easier to choose exactly those specimens that fit well in color, shape and size.

Compositions of succulents (video)

Under natural conditions, in the middle zone of our country, many succulent plants are often found. On the sandy soils of pine forests, young people grow, and you can also find blossoming stars-flowers of sedum or hare cabbage of gold and pink coloration. Stonecrop, from the Tolstyankovye family, has also become widespread. Cultivated species with colorful external characteristics are not only unpretentious in care, but easy to reproduce and transplant, and also make it possible to create a variety of highly decorative compositions.

Indoor plants succulents: photos and names

The attractive and imposing appearance, as well as the unpretentiousness and endurance of these plants, made them one of the most favorite for landscape designers and florists of various specializations. With little effort, anyone, even an almost absolute beginner, can grow a beautiful garden and enjoy its splendor at any time. However, few people know what kind of plants are such, what types of succulents are, especially for this we have compiled a catalog with photos and names of the most popular representatives of this "brotherhood".

Agave

This plant has many varieties. All of them belong to succulents, as they "know how" to accumulate moisture inside their oblong leaves. Agave of Vilmorena, Queen Victoria, American, they are all different species of the same family. They grow both in South and Central and even in North America, in more arid regions.

Agave leaves are oblong, pointed and fleshy. At home, the plant requires constant temperature maintenance between eight and twenty-one degrees of heat, then the agave will feel comfortable. Some of the species never bloom, while others rarely throw out inflorescences. Does not need special care, does not like abundant watering and acidic soils.

Brighamia

This amazing plant is directly related to the campanulaceae, and is popularly called the Hawaiian palm, the volcano palm and the cabbage on the leg. The appearance of this succulent really resembles all of the listed phenomena. Brigamia has a rather dense, tree-like trunk and crown, assembled into a rosette, like a real palm tree. Thanks to its thick stem, brigamia does not need frequent watering. She can withstand quite long dry periods in nature, and at home too, completely without consequences.

You can leave a flower while going on vacation and find it in good health a month later. It blooms with small yellow flowers that look like stars. The main thing is that the temperature in the room does not fall below fifteen degrees Celsius, otherwise the plant may die.

Argyroderma

The name of the plant has a completely logical explanation, because it translates as "silver skin". This succulent belongs to the genus Aizov, and originally grew in South America, for example, in Peru, as well as Africa and Arabia. Most often, it grows on sandy or rocky ground, while, surprisingly, it knows how to bury itself in the ground when it gets too hot.

This type of succulent is just one of those that look like stones, and is also flowering. That is, when planting these live stones, you can expect the appearance of pink, orange, red or pale lilac inflorescences. The optimum temperature for keeping such pets is 20-25 degrees, but in winter it is better that it is much cooler, somewhere up to 10-15 degrees Celsius.

Crassula or monkey tree (Crassula arborescens)

Another well-known representative of succulents, which are known almost all over the world. In nature, this endemic plant can be found exclusively in the Western Cape and in South Africa. A mature plant, even grown under normal conditions of a city apartment, can reach a height of up to three meters, with proper care and pruning.

The fat woman has a dense, tree-like trunk and thick leathery leaves that accumulate moisture inside. The normal temperature for this succulent is quite high, about thirty degrees, but it can easily withstand lower ones. The presence of drafts and temperature fluctuations can destroy the plant, therefore it is necessary to monitor this separately.

Guernia

It is definitely worth remembering the flowering succulents, the photos and names of which, I would also like to consider and learn more. Moreover, the presented flower, belonging to the Asclepiadaceae family, has such amazing alien inflorescences that even seasoned travelers are surprised. Guernia grows in wildlife only in Arabia, as well as in South and East Africa.

Guernia blooms all summer, until the middle, and sometimes until the very end of autumn. He loves bright light, but tolerates direct sunlight only in the morning or evening, otherwise he can get burns. In summer, it can be planted in open ground until the temperature drops below 20-25 degrees. In winter, you should provide the flower with coolness, 10-15 degrees Celsius.

Graptopetalum

A beautiful representative of the genus Tolstyankov, spotted petal or graptopetalum feels great in urban apartments. Moreover, this newcomer from Arizona is not afraid even of open ground and rather low (10-15 degrees) temperatures in winter.

The flower does not like abundant watering, even during active growth and flowering. Moisture should be moderate, so you need to add only when the topsoil dries out by one or two centimeters. This variety of succulents begins to bloom in May and ends in July. Prefers light, porous soil and areas with diffused light.

Rustic (Senecio)

Belonging to the Asteraceae family, the wild rose has such a fantastic appearance that it looks more like green fingers. This plant is a succulent. It needs increased illumination, because it is better to put the pot with it on the east or west side.

In warm weather, the groundwort needs to maintain the temperature within 22-27 degrees, and in winter, a smooth decrease to 10-12 is permissible. The plant should be watered sparsely, like all succulents, it does not like excessive moisture. The soil should be low-acid, then the groundwort will please with active growth.

Lithops

More than three dozen species of the genus Lithops are known to modern science, which are popularly called "living stones". This plant came to Europe from rocky Namibia, Botswana and South Africa. The plant has two fleshy fused leaves in the aerial part, from which a peduncle grows. Some species exude a beautiful, delicate scent when blooming.

The color of litpos can be varied, depending on the soil. The flower is larger than the plant itself and has a life cycle of ten days. Plant care is needed exactly the same as for ordinary cacti, a temperature of 22-27 degrees in summer and 10-15 in winter will be fine.

Sedum or sedum (Sеdum)

The sedum plant is a succulent plant of the notorious genus of bastards, which gets along well on window sills all over the world. Sedum juice has fairly strong analgesic properties. The people have many beautiful names, for example, hare grass or cabbage, squeaky. Grows in open ground almost all over the world. Easily cultivated at home.

Many flower growers recommend using sedum as an ampelous, that is, hanging, plant. Sedum loves bright light, and direct sunlight is not afraid of him. The plant looks very colorful and has all the characteristics of a succulent. Loves high temperatures, stony low-acid soils and moderate or poor watering.

Gasteria

Gasteria only got into the apartments and houses of Europeans in the nineteenth century, directly from the arid regions of South Africa. The flower got its name because of the strange shape of the flower, reminiscent of a human stomach, the Latin word gasltron means "pot-bellied vessel".

The flower has rather long leaves, beautiful and smooth, which can reach 20-25 centimeters in height. Unpretentious and hardy to care for, watering requires moderate and even meager, like most succulents. Gasteria blooms for one month, surprisingly beautifully, throwing out long peduncles with rows of peculiar red, pink or orange bells.

Aquariums and gardens in the bank

Succulents and cacti are great for composing in glass, despite criticism. Particular attention should be paid to good drainage, because in a glass container for succulents it will be too humid, and lighting - after all, even ordinary glass absorbs light.

Caring for a garden in a jar is periodic spraying, and, of course, it is worth making sure that there is clean fresh air without dust in the room where it stands.

And one more important point - the vessel should not be closed.

Pyotr Lapshin, curator of the succulent collection at IPR RAS, harshly criticizes florariums and notes that succulents are completely unsuitable for growing in glass vessels. Let us not agree with him in everything. Closed glass containers are really not suitable for succulents. However, now there are many vessels, no less spectacular than closed ones, allowing the succulents to be provided with conditions suitable for them, namely:

  1. Mandatory periodic drying of the soil.
  2. Good lighting.

In addition, it is worth noting that such compositions are intended to provide pleasure, and it does not have to be long-lasting. Such a composition is a good way of self-expression, a great gift or temporary interior decor. In a few months, plants, even succulents, and even in conditions suitable for them, grow and the composition loses its appearance - it has fulfilled its functions, you can plant the plants in other containers, and create a new composition in a vessel.

Decorative sand can be used

Such sand is sold, for example, in the Fix Price chain, or in florist shops.

Variants with sand are simple, they do not require a complex arrangement of plants, but in general - compositions "behind glass" are quite complex from a compositional point of view.

How to make beautiful succulents, how to combine? There is a kind of people who can beautifully arrange any shape without special training, if you are not one of them, then it makes sense to turn to the literature. It is impossible to outline the basics of composition within the framework of the article, so we just recommend what to read:

  • David Hession: Everything About Flower Arranging - Inexpensive And Affordable. The book focuses specifically on arranging cut flowers and dried flowers, but the general principles of arranging shapes and lines can be mastered.
  • From foreign exactly on the subject - books by Deborah Lee Baldwin (Debra Lee Baldwin). Everything about compositions made from succulents. However, they have not been translated into Russian.

Living paints

For those who have achieved mastery, both in the cultivation of succulents and cacti and in their arrangement, there are tremendous opportunities for using these plants as paints. The color and shape of the plant are like brush strokes. Also, some of these compositions resemble freeform knitting.

Imitation of landscapes and landscapes

The use of houses, stones imitating rocks, miniature bridges makes compositions with succulents charming, but you should not take on such a composition without experience - trial versions can be so far from the desired image that disappointment cannot be avoided. In addition to a carefully thought-out composition, preferably in advance and on paper, you will need to spend money on high-quality decor, or find natural materials for it, in addition, you should be well acquainted with the selected succulents.

More simple from the point of view of planting plants are houses with overgrown roofs:

Below, in a picnic basket, is a village landscape made by a Japanese craftswoman for sale. You can see how finely worked out the details:

How to properly water and replant

Proper watering directly depends on the frequency of life of the succulent. During the growing season, the earthen lump is moistened only when it is completely dry. Moreover, watering should be abundant.

Do not water these indoor flowers too often.

Under natural conditions, most representatives of succulents receive water in the form of condensation from the air, or during rare rains. Therefore, these plants are alien to the admixture of salts, usually dissolved in groundwater. They should only be watered with rain or distilled water.

Advice. Watering succulents is better with water at room temperature. This will allow it to be absorbed quickly.

In late autumn and winter, that is, during the dormant period, you do not need to water at all. At this time, all life processes are greatly slowed down and there is no need for water.

It is better to replant during the growing season. A mixture of turf and leaf soil (1: 1) with the addition of 10% baking powder (perlite, sand, brick chips) is used as a soil. Such a substrate is good for water and air.


How the plant reproduces

The plant is transplanted every two or three years when the hatiora is still young. As the flower matures, transplants are done less often, about once every four years. The transplant container should not be deep.

For reproduction, it is enough to root a branch of a flower in damp ground or fill it with a solution. But not always human intervention is necessary for succulents to reproduce. Sometimes twigs break off on their own, fall to the soil and take root in it. Already after 14–20 days, such a shoot begins to grow. This means that it is time to plant it in a separate pot.


Plant classification

Indoor flowers are divided into two large groups:

  1. decorative deciduous and
  2. beautifully blooming.

The first are of impressive size, sheet plates of various types.

The second surprise with beautiful buds.

You can endlessly talk about indoor plants. Let's dwell on a few of the most common types.

Light-loving plants

These are flowers for which sunlight is very important. They do not require special care and do not belong to the whimsical type. Check out examples.

Abutilon

The plant resembles maple with its leaves. It grows quickly, forming a bush. The flowers are shaped like Chinese lanterns. The flowering period is from early spring to late autumn.

Jasmine

The plant is grown not only in the garden, but also at home. Jasmine blooms from winter to spring. Emits a divine scent that fills the entire room. From this plant, with the help of imagination, you can create compositions using wire and support.

Hibiscus

An evergreen plant shaped like a small tree. Loves bright light, but so that the rays of the sun are scattered, and not fall directly on the leaves. It has many varieties and hybrids. The flowers are striking in the variety of colors and terry.

Camellia

An exotic home plant with a whimsical character. Camellia grows 1 meter in length and blooms from November to May. The flowers are large. Does not like direct rays of the sun. In the summer, it is allowed to take the plant out into the garden.

Orchid

It is considered one of the main houseplants. She is very beautiful and requires special attention. It is necessary to observe a certain temperature in the room where the orchids grow. Moisten the air and properly water the plant itself.

Passionflower

Curly indoor flower. Translated into Russian as passionflower.

The plant must be constantly pruned, this leads to vigorous growth and more branching.

Pelargonium

Has a second more common name - geranium. The flower is not whimsical, and with the necessary care, it will delight with flowering all year round. Pelargonium exudes a specific aroma that disinfects the air in the room.

Fuchsia

The plant has unusual flowers in the form of elongated bells. Not whimsical and does not require special care. It has one detail that distinguishes it from other indoor plants - it sheds leaves after flowering.

Episode

Similar to an indoor flower - a violet. It has many small buds and leaves with an unusual color.

These houseplants do not like shade and only bloom if the room is properly lit.

Flowers and leaves

Any plant looks gorgeous during the flowering period, but it looks even better with decorative leaves. Those who wish to have just these types of home flowers at home should pay attention to the following options:

Anthurium

Experts in the field of floriculture, consider this plant a leader in comparison with other similar ones from the Aroid family.

Anthurium is a tropical flower and pleases its owners with beautiful buds and dense leaves covered with a sinewy pattern.

There are several types, the most demanded: Scherzer, Andre, the majestic and crystal Anthurium.

He does not like drafts, and at the same time he will not be able to grow normally next to heating appliances.

If he does not have enough light, use a lamp, otherwise his gorgeous leaves are crushed and turn pale. Does not tolerate drying out of the soil.

Spathiphyllum

The flower of this plant is similar to Anthurium. It resembles a blanket with a cob. Beautiful at all times, especially plants with large leaves. It blooms profusely, emitting a pleasant aroma. Spathiphyllum loves diffused light, warmth, is afraid of drafts and cold air currents.

A tropical liana of extraordinary beauty. The houseplant must have a support. During the flowering period, it pleases with large inflorescences of flowers in the form of stars. They bloom in the same place every year, so it is not recommended to cut them. Chloe's leaves are covered with a waxy bloom and amazing spots of various sizes.

Flowers with a dormant period

There are plants in which the green part dies off, and the tubers are in pots with soil for the whole winter. This is called a dormant period. Flowers do not require special care, you just need to know and take into account their biological rhythms. Examples:

Ahimenez

The plant was born in South America. It blooms magnificently from spring to late autumn.

Then the shoots wither and the roots are stored in the ground.

Gloxinia

The flowers of the plant are like large bells. There are many hybrids with varying degrees of terry and variegation.

Cyclamen

Houseplant popular for its winter bloom. Requires special care, fastidious. The most popular varieties are Decora, Cardinal, Cattleya.

Amaryllis plants

A huge family of plants with bulbous roots. In winter, they are at rest. They grow everywhere, especially in the tropics.

In Russia, four types of such plants are grown with large flowers resembling lilies.

Originally from Africa, about half a meter high. It blooms in the form of an umbrella on a high stalk. A bright and impressive plant.

The flower has a large bulb protruding above ground level. The peduncle has a length of 120 cm, on which up to 4 large flowers bloom. The color is varied, from dark red to pure white.

Hippeastrum

The plant looks like Amaryllis. The difference between them is in the number of peduncles. Hippeastrum has a lot more of them.

The flower has another name - Amazonian lily. With proper care, it can bloom twice a year.

Begonias

The flower is familiar to many, but not everyone represents the extent of its diversity.

There are about 800 known species of this plant, and about 2000 newly bred varieties.

Shrubs are fast growing, and tuberous species are beautiful flowering. Begonia leaves are usually asymmetrical in appearance. The plate is monochromatic or expressed in bright spots. Completely unpretentious.

Usambar violets

Special plants, they keep themselves apart from other flowers. They began to gain their popularity in the 20th century.

Small bushes that bloom all year round do not take up much space. They prefer to grow in the sun, but also do not mind light shade. They love moist air and watered soil on time.

Succulents

Flowers are suitable for those who cannot devote a lot of time to caring for them.

A common type of cacti, but in addition to them there are about 40 families of similar plants.

They are characterized by fleshy leaves, in which moisture accumulates. Some have colorful flowers. The most famous:

Kalanchoe... Many people know this plant for its medicinal properties.

Guernia... The plant has a branching stem with five edges. Differs in the absence of leaves. Flowers grow very quickly and have an unearthly beauty. There is one drawback - not quite a pleasant aroma.

Cactus... Special plants that deserve attention. About 5 thousand species of cacti are known. They are compact, do not require frequent watering, and are dormant in winter. But despite this, cacti bloom beautifully. There are small species that are completely covered with flowers.

Others have large, delightful buds, such as the Decembrist and Epiphilum.

Stapelia... It resembles Guernia with large flowers that delight the eye for 10-12 days.

Aloe... A medicinal plant that accumulates moisture in its leaves. Reaches a length of up to one and a half meters, with spines at the edges. Not whimsical and contains a healing juice.


Valuable tips for growing kohlrabi

Many gardeners hesitate to grow kohlrabi and still consider it an overseas vegetable. In fact, agricultural technology is simple and this type of cabbage grows well in our climatic conditions.

Tips for growing kohlrabi:

  • To eat from the beginning of summer until frost, you need to plant several varieties of different ripening periods. Late ones will last well until February.
  • Before planting home seedlings in the ground, you need to harden for several days.
  • If there is not enough space for a kohlrabi bed, then it can be planted between other crops as a sealant. She gets along well with almost all neighbors.
  • Harvesting is best done earlier, avoiding over-ripening. As soon as the stem grower reaches 7 cm in diameter, it can be eaten.
  • Late varieties are less prone to woody stems.
  • For storage, the crop is harvested and laid along with the root.

These simple tips for growing kohlrabi will make the process easier and help you get a good harvest of succulent stems.

In the video, useful tips for growing kohlrabi


Watch the video: Guernica