What Is A Saskatoon – Learn About Growing Saskatoon Bushes
By Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer
Saskatoon shrubs are attractive plants that bloom in spring and produce scads of bluish-purple Saskatoon berries in summer. Reminiscent of cherry with a hint of almond, the berries are rich in protein, fiber and antioxidants. Learn more about them in this article.
Harvesting Juneberries: How And When To Pick Juneberries
By Liz Baessler
Juneberries, also known as serviceberries, produce an abundance of edible berries. But what do you do with all that fruit? Click here to learn more about how and when to harvest juneberries, and how to use juneberries in the kitchen.
What Is A Serviceberry: Growing And Care Of Serviceberries
By Susan Patterson, Master Gardener
Harvested serviceberry fruit can be a delightful treat and growing serviceberry trees is easy to do. Learn more about the care of serviceberries in the landscape by reading the information in this article.
Amelanchier, an all-season eyecatcher
Amelanchier is an ideal tree when setting up a mixed and flowered hedge.
Summary of Amelanchier facts
Name – Amelanchier
Family – Rosaceae
Type – shrub
Height – 6 to 13 feet (2 to 4 meters)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – ordinary is fine, rich if possible
Foliage – deciduous
Flowering – April to May
Magnificent from spring to fall, its flowers and berries are its strongest assets.
Saskatoon Berry, Serviceberry, June Berry, Juneberry, Shad-Bush
Average Water Needs Water regularly do not overwater
USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 °C (-50 °F)
USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 °C (-45 °F)
USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 °C (-40 °F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 °C (-35 °F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
Where to Grow:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Soil pH requirements:
From seed stratify if sowing indoors
Scarify seed before sowing
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen clean and dry seeds
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed clean and dry seeds
This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
On Dec 3, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:
A neat, handsome shrub usually about 5 to 6 ft high. I planted two at my first house west of Chicago, and they did well. Pretty white flowers in April and the fruit is delicious like other serviceberry species borne in June. Like other serviceberry, it grows well in acid or slightly alkaline soil of pH 5.0 to 7.5. Full sun is best, especially for flowers and fruit.
On Jul 3, 2011, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:
Blooms April-May in my garden and fruits ripen in June. Fruit resembles blueberries, but not as flavorful. The birds do enjoy them.
On Feb 7, 2010, Indigokitty from College Station, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:
I had this shrub growing in near deep shade in the woods. Still got good color in the fall. It grows wild around here.
On Aug 13, 2009, Lilypon from Moose Jaw, SK (Zone 3b) wrote:
I wouldn't worry too much about those cyanide like toxins (unless one has severe allergies maybe) re human consumption. I have never heard of anyone here getting cyanide poisoning from eating the raw fruit.
In Saskatchewan people gorge themselves on raw Saskatoons from a very early age until they die (my grandmothers and grandfathers lived to their late 80's mid 90's with excellent health until the very end and they ate pails full of the raw berries every summer.
On Jan 10, 2008, cowgirlgardener from Firth, ID wrote:
These berries are great in pies, pancakes, puddings,muffins, etc. However, WARNING! The leaves and pits contain poisonous cyanide-like compounds. Cooking or drying destroys these toxins.
Taste similar to blueberries.
On Sep 17, 2004, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:
This plant is also known as a Juneberry. The self-fertile fruits can be eaten right off the tree. Also lovely leaves in autumn. It only gets to about 6' tall, too.
How to Care for Serviceberry Bushes
Serviceberry shrubs' (Amelanchier spp.) fragrant, white spring flowers and sweet, red-purple summer berries glow against foliage transitioning from purple to deep-green before becoming an autumn blaze of color. Different species of these casually graceful shrubs grow across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Gardeners in Mediterranean climates enjoy pies, preserves and pancakes made from alder-leaved serviceberry's (A. alnifolia) fruit or the spectacular fall display of "Autumn Brilliance" apple serviceberry's (A. x grandiflora "Autumn Brilliance") flaming orange-red leaves. In return for their high performance, serviceberry shrubs require consistent care.
Water your serviceberry shrubs to keep the soil consistently moist but not saturated. Temperature, humidity and soil type all play a role in how frequently you'll have to water. Sandy soils drain more quickly than loams, and need watering more often. Serviceberries in cool, humid coastal areas require less water than those in hot, dry climates. During the fall and winter, when the days are short and the sun less intense, all the plants need less water than in summer. If you're uncertain about whether to water, irrigate when the top 3 or 4 inches of soil feels dry.
Maintain soil moisture around the serviceberries with a 2- to 2 1/2-inch layer of organic mulch, such as shredded bark or pine needles. Apply the mulch after the soil warms in the spring and replenish it through the growing season to retain the original depth. This mulch adds drainage-improving organic material to the soil as it decays.
Feed serviceberry shrubs with organic 5-3-3 fertilizer at six-week intervals between early April and the end of October. Scatter the fertilizer evenly around the shrubs' drip lines -- the place on the soil where rain falls from their outermost leaves. Feed at the rate of 1 cup for every 1 foot of the plants' spread. Keep the fertilizer off the foliage and trunk and water well after applying it so it penetrates the soil surface.
Prune your serviceberries once a year in late winter or early spring before new leaves emerges. Remove dead, diseased or crossing branches. Leave plenty of the previous year' s growth the plants flower on this wood.