Many housewives master the cultivation of fresh greenery, equipping improvised beds right on the windowsill. Basil's short growing season allows harvesting all year round, and you don't have to go to the supermarket or market for salad dressing or first courses. In our article we will tell you how and what varieties should be grown at home from seeds.
Is it possible to grow basil on a windowsill
Basil is a popular herb. It is successfully grown in pots right at home in the kitchen or on the balcony of an apartment. For beginners in home gardening, it is recommended to start with this spice, since it unpretentious in care.
The grass feels great indoors, giving a generous harvest. The timing of planting and harvesting leaves is not limited to any dates, basil grows well in summer and winter. The article describes in detail the rules of agricultural technology and other features of home cultivation.
There are many ways to plant and grow basil on the windowsill: using cuttings, young shoots and seeds. The seed method is distinguished by the long and abundant formation of greenery on the bush.
Which variety to choose to grow at home
Those wishing to acquire a green bed right on the windowsill can use any variety for sowing. However, given the peculiarities of home cultivation and limited space, preference should be given to undersized beam-forming varieties basilica.
A compact bush with small leaves reaches a height of only 8-10 cm (growing season 60-65 days). Suitable for growing outdoors and indoors, where forms leaves all year round.
The plant is used as a seasoning, has an excellent taste, but in addition to these advantages it has a rich vitamin composition, saturated with useful micro and macro elements.
The use of greens has a beneficial effect on the digestive system, strengthens the protective function of the body.
Basil of medium early ripening with a vegetation period of 65 days. The aroma of the herb is saturated with clove-pepper aroma, small green leaves. Bush height does not exceed 25 cm... Branching in diameter is about 20 cm, which allows growing crops in pots.
With proper agricultural technology, it can be removed from the plant 100-120 gr. greenery... In addition to being used for various dishes, Marquis will complement drinks (tea, cocktails) with a delicate and refined taste.
Preparing the soil for planting
To plant the basil, you will need pots, wooden boxes, or plastic containers. A prerequisite is the presence of drainage holes at the bottom of the containers. The volume of the pot is selected within 1-2 l, container depth - more than 15 cm.
One of the important conditions for growing greens is considered to be a properly composed soil mixture.
Can be used universal primer or prepare the substrate with your own hands. The following options are ideal for basil:
- universal soil + garden soil + peat (1: 1: 1);
- biohumus + substrate for indoor plants (1: 4);
- peat, fertile soil, compost (1: 2: 0.5).
The soil used must be bake in the oven for disinfection (1 hour at a temperature of 100 degrees).
The filling of the container with the substrate should be carried out in the following sequence:
- the bottom is covered with pebbles or expanded clay by 2-3 cm (drainage);
- the next layer of soil (3-4 cm does not reach the edges of the pot).
Seeds must be processed before planting. Although this stage is considered optional, when buying material from unfamiliar manufacturers or from hands, there is a high probability of infection of young shoots with fungal diseases.
Disinfection is carried out using a weak solution of potassium permanganate, in which you need to soak the seeds for 2 hours. After processing, the grains are washed with clean water and laid out on cheesecloth to dry.
The day before landing you need water the soil by sprayingso as not to overmoisten it.
The seeding process includes:
- plant seeds with tweezers at intervals 2 cm apart;
- dusting with a layer of soil 1-2 cm;
- creating a shelter made of glass or plastic wrap (transparent).
The container for germinating seeds is placed in a warm place... From time to time you will need to open the film or glass for ventilation. Watering is not needed at this stage. However, if overdrying of the soil is noticed, you can lightly spray the improvised bed with warm settled water (preferably thawed).
The first shoots appear in 7-15 days, depending on the variety and temperature regime. After the emergence of mass shoots, you need to remove the shelter. And when the seedlings stretch out a little, you can safely thin out the garden, leaving 10 cm between the shoots. After the basil grows up to 5-7 cm, you need to pour soil into the container (2-3 cm).
Basil care rules when growing
With proper farming practices, with proper care, and the right seed variety, fresh greens can be cut almost all year round. One of the main conditions is the temperature regime, it must correspond 20-25 degrees... If the indicator is any lower, then the grass loses its aroma.
The potting mix should always be moist, but you should avoid stagnant water in it. In the summer, it is necessary to perform a daily moisturizing procedure spraying bush.
Tap water is not suitable for irrigation. The presence of chemical compounds, metals and chlorine in its composition negatively affects the greens.
With regular use, yellowness appears, the leaves sometimes curl. Melt liquid or settled rainwater is more suitable. Its temperature should be within 18-22 degrees... Watering with cold water inhibits the development of plants, in particular the root system.
In winter, irrigation should be carried out less often, 2 times a week will be enough. But in any case, it is important to consider the degree of dryness of the soil.
For normal vegetation, basil requires 12 hours natural light... In the period from March to August, there is enough sunlight near the window, and from autumn to February, it is better to install a fluorescent lamp for additional light above the makeshift garden.
The distance between plants and lighting fixture is 20-30 cm.
The soil loosening procedure is performed 1 time in 3-4 days to enrich it with oxygen. In hot weather, when the air is dry, it is necessary to loosen the soil more often so that an earthen crust does not form on the surface.
To stimulate the growth of grass leaves you need Apply complex fertilizers once a month... The first time the plant is fed at the stage of active growth before flowering. In 5 liters of water, dilute 1 tbsp. l. nitrophosphate.
Repeated procedures are carried out using universal fertilizers based on humates and compost. When diluting the working solution, the dosages indicated by the manufacturer are observed.
When choosing a place for basil containers, it should be borne in mind that the culture reacts negatively to drafts. To prevent direct sunlight from burning out the greens, you need to create light shading (using air tulle).
To extend the life cycle of the plant and maximize the preservation of the aroma in the leaves, it is recommended flower-bearing shoots will be regularly removed.
They begin to form a bush after the formation of 4-6 leaves (approximately 1-1.5 months after sowing). At this stage, pinch the top of the basil (2-3 leaves from the top of the stem). This procedure promotes branching and leafy.
Cut tops with herbs used for culinary purposes or dried for long shelf life. Crushed fresh basil leaves can also be frozen and used to prepare various dishes. Repeat the pinching procedure every 2-3 weeks.
Growing greenery on the windowsill can be a real hobby for the household. In addition, pots with basil bushes have decorative value, they bring a piece of nature and freshness to the interior.
How to plant and grow basil seeds
To grow basil from seeds in summer cottages, the main thing is to choose the right planting time. Basil can be grown in a room all year round, provided the conditions are acceptable and proper care is provided.
Timing for sowing seeds
Growing basil in a greenhouse
Selection of varieties for the greenhouse
Basic conditions for successful cultivation
Growing basil outdoors
Choosing a place on the site for growing basil
Growing basil at home
Selection of varieties for planting on the windowsill
Ideal conditions for planting basil at home
Video "Growing basil on a windowsill"
Planting basil seedlings at home
Growing basil seedlings at home is carried out step by step and consists of several stages. First of all, you should prepare the soil for sowing. You can use a ready-made peat-based substrate or prepare the mixture yourself. To do this, you need to mix peat, garden soil and sand in a 2/2/1 ratio. The most important thing is that the soil should be light, water and air permeable.
Attention! Stagnant moisture and waterlogging are very dangerous for young seedlings. They can suffer from fungus or blackleg.
For seeding, it is best to use a flat container with many drainage holes. The seeding process itself looks like this step by step:
- The container is filled with a small layer of drainage, and then with soil.
- Moisten the soil surface with warm water.
- Spread the seeds evenly over the surface.
- The crops are covered with a layer of dry soil, the thickness of which is no more than 1 cm.
Some gardeners recommend watering over the surface after sowing. This method can also be used, but it increases the risk of compaction of the soil surface, which, accordingly, can make it difficult for the seed to germinate.
To create a greenhouse effect, glass or film is installed over the container and placed in a warm place with a temperature of at least 23 ° C. In a week, when the first shoots appear, it is desirable to lower the temperature by 2-3 ° C, but no more.
Basil seedlings are thin and fragile, so you shouldn't completely remove the cover right away. It is better to accustom the plants to the open space gradually by short-term airing of the greenhouse.
If you follow the rules, healthy seedlings will grow
Further care of the seedlings consists in regularly moistening the soil and maintaining the optimum temperature. It is not worth adding subcortexes at the stage of growing seedlings, since young plants are still too sensitive. After the appearance of 2 true leaves, the seedlings dive. 2 weeks before planting, hardening is carried out - the plants are taken out from the house to the street, gradually increasing the interval.
Growing basil from seeds step by step
Choose the most well-lit windowsill in your apartment for keeping the basil. This subtropical plant loves bright light, there cannot be an excess of sunlight for it.
Start with simple, unpretentious varieties. With a successful experience, you will be able to grow the varieties that you want in the future.
And of course, growing basil from seeds, you should be patient, because the growing season in this case takes a lot of time.
For planting, you can use soil purchased from a gardening store. It is permissible to plant basil in your own prepared soil mixture.
For example, you can take regular garden soil and add some river sand to it. Some make up a substrate of 1 part sand and 2 parts peat. The soil should be fertile and loose in structure.
The purchased land does not need to be disinfected, it has already been processed. If you prepare it yourself, you will need to disinfect it by steaming in the oven. For this purpose, you can also use a hot solution of potassium permanganate, they spill the soil a few days before planting.
Seed preparation for sowing
To speed up the germination process, the seeds can be allowed to swell.
- To do this, they are placed in warm water for 1-2 days.
- As the water cools down, it is replaced with warmed water.
- After that, it is advisable to process the seeds with potassium permanganate.
- Soaking for 2 hours in a light pink solution of potassium permanganate will help protect the seedlings from various diseases.
- After finishing the treatment, the seeds are washed in clean water and slightly dried before sowing to prevent them from sticking together.
Choice of capacity
The choice of container for planting depends on the growing method. You can plant seeds in small cups and then dive them into larger containers. If you do not have the desire to once again engage in transplanting, immediately take medium-sized pots - for 2-3 plant specimens, such a container will be enough.
It is preferable if the containers for planting are made of plastic. They are easy to wash and disinfect, and the roots when grown in winter in such a container will not be cold. You can use an elongated plastic container for planting, planting several bushes of herbs in it at once, planting seeds in a row.
The planting procedure has its own stages, which are recommended to be followed. In addition to the soil, you will also need expanded clay, it will be used as a drainage layer. Then proceed step by step:
- Place drainage on the bottom of the pot. Instead of expanded clay, you can use broken bricks or small pebbles. The layer height should be 3 cm.
- Then fill in the prepared soil, 3-4 cm before the edge of the pot. Moisten the earth slightly.
- Spread the seeds on top of the soil. Please note that there should not be more than 2-3 plants in one pot. Sow the seeds into small cups one at a time.
- Top crops are sprinkled with a layer of dry soil up to 1 cm thick.
- At the final stage, cover the crops with transparent plastic wrap and place in a warm place.
At room temperature, seedlings will appear in 1-1.5 weeks. All this time, the impromptu greenhouse needs to be aired, opening the film daily for 15-20 minutes. Monitor the moisture level in the pot. If necessary, slightly moisten the soil with a spray bottle.
Sowing basil seedlings - the two best ways
Basil varieties for growing on a windowsill
The best option is to grow several varieties of basil at once. The main thing is to choose them correctly. To do this, you should pay attention to parameters such as compactness and ripening time.
Compactness. Firstly, there is not much room for the basil on the windowsill at home. Secondly, if you plan to grow several varieties, all plants should be approximately the same size. Otherwise, large specimens will oppress their more modest "potty neighbors".
Ripening terms. The opposite is true. To obtain the maximum yield all year round, varieties must be selected so that when ripening, they gradually replace each other. That is, while one plant grows new leaves and twigs after harvesting, the other is ready to give them away.
There are a lot of varieties of basil for growing from seeds on the windowsill. Some are created specifically as a pot culture, others can simply be adapted to the home environment. Experts advise the following:
|"Vanilla aroma"||Medium early (50-60 days), dark purple leaves. Has a vanilla aroma.|
|"Basilisk"||Potted, early maturing (46-50 days). The plant is compact, its height is only 18-20 cm. It gives a clove-peppery smell.|
|"Clove aroma"||Bushes with small leaves and a clove scent.|
|"Anise gourmet"||Mid-season (60 days). The bush is round in shape. The leaves are small. Anise aroma.|
|"Mint"||Early ripe (45-50 days). Abundant dark green foliage with a glossy sheen. The aroma is mint.|
|"Marquis"||Potted, mid-season (65 days). The leaves are green with a clove-pepper scent.|
|"Kompatto"||Mid-season (60 days). Height - 20-30 cm. Leaves are green, peppery aroma.|
|"Freshness"||Mid-season (55-60 days). The leaves are green, the aroma is lemon.|
|"Dwarf"||A low (10-20 cm) spherical bush. The leaves are small, the taste is spicy.|
Most often it is advised to opt for small-leaved varieties with green leaves. Purple and large-leaved species take longer to grow and require more care.
Basil growing tank
Before planting seeds, you need to choose the right container based on the selected planting method. If further picking of seedlings is expected, then at the initial stage any small pots and cups or a box 7-10 cm high will do.
If you plan to grow basil in a pot without transplanting, then the volume of the container should be 1.5-2 liters, and the height should be at least 15 cm. Any container for growing spicy seasoning at home should be equipped with drainage holes.
Caring for the basil in the apartment
We need regular watering and spraying of the leaves. To saturate the soil with oxygen in pots with formed plants, it is gently loosened every 10-14 days.
They are fed with mineral or organic fertilizers every 30 days from the moment the branches grow on the sides of the stem.
When the bushes grow of sufficient size, they begin to cut off the outer leaves, this promotes better growth and postpones the flowering time.
Fresh, dried, frozen leaves are used for cooking.
Bloom should not be allowed. When color appears, the leaves become bitter and unusable.
Growing basil from seeds on a windowsill in an apartment or a country house does not give owners much difficulty. Subject to the rules described in this article, the plant will delight the owners all year round.